• Core needle biopsy
  • Excisional or incisional biopsy
  • Endoscopic biopsy
  • Laparoscopic, thoracoscopic, and mediastinoscopic biopsy
  • Laparotomy and thoracotomy
  • Skin biopsies
  • Sentinel lymph node mapping and biopsy
  • Tissue-processing (histokinnete)
  • Immunostaining